November in the Garden – Orlando Sentinel


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Average temperatures: High 79; low 59 New moon: Nov. 4 First quarter: Nov. 11 Full moon: Nov. 19 Last quarter: Nov. 27 2. Moon-sign planting dates Above-ground crops: 4, 5, 8, 9, 12, 13. 17, 18 Below-ground crops: 1, 22, 23, 27, 28 Control weeds and pests: 10, 11, 19, 20, 21 Prune trees and shrubs: 6, 7, 14, 15, 16, 24, 25, 26 3. Vegetables: Beet, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, carrot, cauliflower, celery, Chinese cabbage, collard, endive, kale, kohlrabi, lettuce, mustard, onion, pea, radicchio, radish, rhubarb, rutabaga, spinach, Swiss chard and turnip. 4. Flowers: Ageratum, alyssum, baby’s breath, black-eyed Susan, bush daisy, calendula, California poppy, candytuft, carnation, cat’s whiskers, chrysanthemum, cleome, cornflower, delphinium, dianthus, dusty miller, foxglove, gaillardia, geranium, goldenrod, heliotrope, hollyhocks, Iceland poppy, impatiens, larkspur, lobelia, ornamental cabbage & kale, pansy, petunia, phlox, salvia, Shasta daisy, snapdragon, stock, sweet pea, verbena, viola and wax begonias. 5. Herbs: Anise, arugula, basil, borage, chive, cardamon, chervil, cilantro, coriander, dill, fennel, garlic, ginger, lavender, lemon balm, lovage, Mexican tarragon, mint, nasturtium, oregano, parsley, rosemary, sage, sweet marjoram, thyme and watercress. 6. Bulbs: African iris, amaryllis, anemone, bulbine, crinum, daylily, rain lily, ranunculus, society garlic, spider lily and narcissus; refrigerated Dutch iris, tulips, daffodils, hyacinths and similar bulbs needing a cold treatment before flowering. Vegetable, fruit gardening 7. November is the best time to plant the cool-season crops. 8. Harvest maturing warm-season vegetables and plant those that like the cooler weather. 9. The dry season is here; water when the surface soil begins to dry to the touch. Plant and mulch strawberry beds during November. (Mike Stocker / South Florida Sun Sentinel) 10. Tomato and pepper planting time is over until spring. 11. Start seeds of broccoli, cauliflower, collards, onions and similar to produce transplants. 12. Plant and mulch strawberry beds. 13. Groom older herb plantings and add news ones to the garden or containers. 14. Improve sandy soils with garden soil, compost, peat moss and composted manures. 15. Feed the garden every 3 to 4 weeks with composted manure or a general garden fertilizer. 16. Stake or trellis taller-growing crops to prevent wind damage and pests. 17. Maintain a mulch between plants and rows to conserve water and control weeds. 18. Caterpillars have been feeding in the garden; hand pick or use natural controls. 19. Leaf miners are a nuisance in vegetable and fruit plantings but seldom need control. 20. Build raised beds to better contain plantings and make their care easier. 21. Give bananas and pineapples a final fall feeding with a general garden fertilizer. 22. Harvest maturing sweet potatoes plus tropical chayotes, cocoyams and dasheens. 23. Many early citrus are ready to harvest; use the taste test to tell when they are ripe. 24. Feeding time for citrus and other fruit trees is over. 25. Water citrus trees once or twice each week during the dry times. 26. Add new citrus or other fruiting trees to the landscape. 27. Sow papaya seeds to over winter in containers. 28. Delay all fruit-tree pruning until late January or February. 29. Rains have varied locally; check lawn needs and water as permitted. 30. Watering is limited to once a week in most areas when Eastern Standard Time returns. 31. Water lawns separately from trees and shrubs that need less moisture. 32. Repair and adjust sprinklers to water efficiently. 33. Most lawns have a bright green look; keep them healthy with good fall care. 34. Complete fall feedings with a low phosphorus fertilizer during early November. 35. Have lawn soil tested by the University of Florida lab to ensure a proper feeding. 36. Lawns low in potassium can be given extra winter protection with a late-month application. 37. Brown patch disease can be severe in zoysia; treat now to prevent or when first noted. 38. Apply herbicides labeled for your lawn type if needed for broadleaf and sedge weed control. 39. Fall is a good time to sod or plug lawns; delay bahia seeding until spring. 40. Mole crickets have been active in zoysia and bahia lawns. Control as needed. 41. Continue mowing at normal heights. 42. Aerate hard-to-wet, compacted and nematode-infected soils. 43. Sow ryegrass in barren areas for a temporary lawn starting in late November. 44. Remove and compost fallen leaves. 45. Fill in shady problem spots with ornamental ground covers. 46. Dry months are ahead; conserve water with micro-sprinklers and mulches. 47. Established trees and shrubs need infrequent watering; moisten only during the dry times. 48. Groom landscape foliage plants by removing dead or declining foliage and flower stems. 49. Weeds have grown too and many are producing seeds; remove as soon as possible. 50. November is the time to plant cool-season flower selections; it’s pansy time. 51. Work organic matter into flower beds and replace soil in planters before planting. 52. Rotate flower selections from year to year in beds and planters to help prevent pests. 53. Slow-release fertilizers are an easy way to feed flower beds and containers. 54. Extend chrysanthemum life; remove faded flowers, keep the soil moist and feed lightly. 55. Make sure poinsettias receive no nighttime light; keep the soil moist and feed monthly. 56. Established flower beds need watering when the surface soil begins to dry to the touch. 57. Scale insects have been heavy this year on shrubs and foliage plants; use a natural spray. 58. Delay major pruning of cold-sensitive trees and shrubs until the new year. 59. Leaf spots and die-back are normal on many trees and perennials as they prepare for winter. 60. Cooler months provide the ideal time to move small trees and shrubs in the landscape. 61. Make sure root balls of new plants are moist and remain most until plants are established. 62. Build 4-to-6-inch berms of soil at the edge of root balls of new plants to catch water. 63. Check braces and supports added to new trees, palms and shrubs. 64. Hurricane season ends Nov. 30; select small sturdy trees for new plantings. 65. Remove limbs and weeds interfering with sprinklers. 66. Complete all tree, palm and shrub feedings by mid-month. 67. Collect and refrigerate favorite flower seeds in plastic bags and store in the refrigerator. 68. Plant water tolerant species in damp soils. 69. Renew mulch layers to conserve moisture and control weeds. 70. Divide perennials and bulbs. 71. Caladium and glad bulbs can be left in the ground or stored for spring planting. 72. Form compost piles to recycle yard waste. 73. Be prepared to cover or move cold-sensitive plants to a warm location. 74. Fill hard-to-mow and problem areas with shrubs and ground covers. 75. Clean bird baths and prepare feeders for winter. 76. Reduce feedings of water garden plantings. 77. Narcissus and amaryllis bulbs are easy to grow in containers; start now for holiday blooms. 78. Remember, no nighttime light for holiday plants until they begin to bloom. 79. Water holiday cactus and kalanchoe when the soil dries to the touch; keep poinsettias moist. 80. Wash away dust and plant pests with a soapy water solution. 81. Check and treat outdoor plants for insects before bringing them indoors. 82. Recheck light levels for indoor plants and move to brighter locations if needed. 83. Discontinue or reduce foliage plant feedings to every other month. 84. Bring cold-sensitive foliage plants indoors. 85. Give foliage plants in windows a quarter turn weekly. Tom MacCubbin is an urban horticulturist emeritus with the University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service. Write him: Orlando Sentinel, P.O. Box 2833, Orlando FL 32802. Email: [email protected] Blog with Tom at
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