As the weather turns colder, here’s a November to-do list for gardeners – The Dallas Morning News

as-the-weather-turns-colder,-here’s-a-november-to-do-list-for-gardeners-–-the-dallas-morning-news

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Here are some guidelines to keep in mind for November: Plant: Trees, shrubs, vines and ground covers. Spring bulbs, including daffodils and grape hyacinths. Spring and summer flowering perennials, including daisies, daylilies, iris, lilies, lythrum, thrift, etc. Pre-cool tulips and Dutch hyacinths for 45 days at about 40 degrees prior to planting in December.Finish planting cool-season spring-flowering annuals including alyssum, California and Iceland poppies, dianthus and English daisies, flowering cabbage and kale, Johnny jump ups, pansies, petunias, pinks, snapdragons, etc. Cool-season grasses such as rye and fescue, as well as clover and vetch.Dwarf white clover in bare areas as needed. Cool-season vegetable crops and herbs.Fertilize: Bulbs, annuals and perennials with earthworm castings, other quality composts and other gentle, organic fertilizers. Indoor plants with earthworm castings, lava sand and other low-odor organic fertilizers.Cool-season grasses and other actively growing plants with organic fertilizer. Apply one-half inch of compost to poorly performing turf areas. Foliar feed and drench actively growing plants with compost tea, fish and seaweed or Garrett Juice.Prune: All vines from tree limbs, trunks and root flares. Remove ground covers, grasses and soils from the bases of trees. Begin major tree pruning if needed. Protect the branch collars by never making flush cuts. Remove dead limbs if possible before leaves fall. Do not over-prune. Pick-prune shrubs to remove the longest shoots, if needed. Lightly sheer unruly plants. Remove spent blooms on annuals and perennials or leave the seed heads for the birds. Cut off the tops of brown perennials. Remove spent annuals.It's time to purchase floating row cover and plan on how to protect plants that might be sensitive to early freezes.(Howard Garrett / Special Contributor)Water: All planting areas at least once if there’s no rain. Add one tablespoon to one ounce of apple cider vinegar to each gallon of water used on indoor and outdoor potted plants — or at least as often as possible.Pests: Check the roots of removed plants for nematode knots on roots. Treat infected soil with biostimulants, molasses, compost and/or citrus pulp. Apply whole ground cornmeal or dry granulated garlic to the soil. Spray essential oil products if needed. Watch lawn for signs of grubworm damage. Grass will be loose and not connected to the soil. Treat with dry molasses or beneficial nematodes. These insects are rarely a problem for organic gardeners with healthy soil.If brown patch disease is still showing in turf, treat with whole ground cornmeal and drench with garlic tea if the problem persists. Applying dry granulated garlic can also be effective.Weeds: Remove by hand.Odd jobs: Pick tomatoes the day before the first freeze. Let them ripen indoors. Put spent annuals and other vegetative matter into the compost pile. Mulch fallen leaves into the turf. Put excesses in beds or in the compost pile. Do not till or plow once healthy soil has been developed in the vegetable garden. Mulch all bare ornamental, vegetable and herb garden beds with shredded tree trimmings mulch for winter protection and to help build healthy soil.Turn compost piles as time allows.
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