June gardening to-do list – Orlando Sentinel

june-gardening-to-do-list-–-orlando-sentinel

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Average temperatures: High 91; low 71 First day of summer: June 20 Last quarter: June 2 New moon: June 10 First quarter: June 17 Full moon: June 24 2. Moon sign planting dates Above-ground crops: 11, 12, 13, 16, 17, 20, 21 Below-ground crops: 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 29, 30 Control weeds: 9, 10, 26, 27, 28 Prune trees and shrubs: 4, 5, 14, 15, 22, 23 3. Vegetables: Boniato, calabaza, chayote, cherry tomatoes, dasheen, malanga, okra, roselle, southern peas, Seminole pumpkin, sweet cassava, sweet potatoes and yard-long beans 4. Flowers: Angelonia, begonias, bush daisy, butterfly plant, caladium, cat’s whiskers, celosia, coleus, coreopsis, Dahlberg daisy, firespike, four-o’clock, gaillardia, gerbera daisy, ginger, goldenrod, impatiens, kalanchoe, lantana, lion’s ear, marigolds, Melampodium, Mexican petunia, Mexican sunflower, moonflower, Porterweed, pentas, periwinkle, portulaca, purslane, salvia, showy primrose, shrimp plant, Stokes aster, sunflower, torenia and zinnias 5. Herbs: Anise, basil, bay laurel, chives, dill, ginger, marjoram, mint, oregano, sage and thyme 6. Bulbs-type plants: Achimenes, African iris, agapanthus, amaryllis, blackberry lily, bulbine, caladiums, canna, crinum, crocosmia, day lily, eucharis lily, gladiolus, gloriosa lily, peacock ginger, society garlic, rain lily and walking iris 7. Lawn feeding rules vary throughout Florida; check the rules in your county. 8. Delay fertilizer and weed control treatments until you can water or the rains return. 9. If you skipped a spring feeding, make a fertilizer application soon, if permitted. 10. Yellow lawns can often be regreened with an iron-only application where permitted. 11. Try to keep your lawn moist on watering days in your area. 12. Some soils resist water penetration; try a wetting agent to help moisten the soil. 13. Weeds are also making good growth; spot killing with a product for your turf type is best. 14. Fill bare areas or start new lawns with seed, plugs or sod for the grass type desired. 15. Avoid sodding shady areas during summer to prevent rot problems caused by the wet weather. 16. Water only as needed to establish new lawns; excess water causes lawns to decline. 17. Adjust and replace sprinklers to only water the lawn. 18. Track the water lawns receive; up to 3/4 of an inch is normally adequate at each watering or rainfall. 19. Chinch bugs cause yellow to brown areas in St. Augustine lawns; treat when noticed. 20. Sod webworms are likely to arrive this month due to the warm winter. 21. Moths do not mean sod webworms are feedings; wait until chewing damage is noted to treat. 22. Maintain the lawn at one height; learn the proper height for your lawn type. 23. Sharpen the mower blade after a few weeks of continuous use. 24. Mow a different direction each time the lawn is cut to avoid ruts in the turf. 25. Aerate and immediately water lawns that are compacted, hard to wet or have nematode problems. 26. Replace constantly declining turf in dense shade with mulch or a ground cover. 27. Many areas have been dry and some plants suffered die-back that needs pruning. 28. Add new plants when the rainy season returns to help with the watering. 29. Some plants may be hard to find or small sizes due to heavy demand. 30. During hot weather, new plants may need daily watering for several weeks. 31. Wet the root balls before adding new plants to the landscape 32. Tropical bromeliads, orchids, spathiphyllum, aluminum plants and dracaena like shady sites. 33. Remove old soil from containers and improve beds with organic matter before planting. 34. Groom perennials, roses and spring-flowering shrubs to remove declining flowers and stems. 35. Don’t pass up gingers, rain lilies, crinum lilies and blackberry lilies for summer color. 36. Hurricane season begins June 1; it’s not too late to have your trees checked and trimmed. 37. Make plans now to protect plants and landscape accessories from wind and storm damage. 38. Don’t let weeds grow out of control; remove by hand or spot kill with herbicides. 39. Complete azalea pruning during early June. 40. Groom roses to remove old flowers and twiggy stems: Feed monthly and control black spot. 41. Give camellias and gardenias the care they need; water, fertilizer, mulch and scale insect control. 42. Trim back poinsettias 4-6 inches after a foot of new growth to keep them compact. 43. Established plants usually do not need watering during the rainy season 44. Consider adding rain barrels or cisterns to capture and store water for the dry times. 45. Hot summer days make it difficult to transplant trees and shrubs; wait until cooler weather. 46. Root cuttings of shrubs and foliage plants to grow more plants. 47. Feed shrubs and palms with a slow-release fertilizer, where permitted. 48. Give container gardens a weekly feeding or use a slow-release fertilizer, as labeled. 49. Divide orchids and bromeliads outgrowing their containers. 50. Feed orchids every other week with a liquid or use a slow-release fertilizer, as labeled. 51. Orchids and bromeliads grow best in the shade of a tree; water frequently when hot and dry. 52. Feed lilies and other aquatic plants in home water gardens. 53. Trim formal hedges after they produce 4-6 inches of new growth. 54. Groom hanging baskets removing old flowers and lanky shoots. 55. Clean and refill birdbaths as needed. 56. Remove sprouts from the base of crape myrtle, maple and similar trees. 57. Keep vegetable plantings moist and fertilize monthly to continue harvests into summer. 58. Make fertilizer applications every three to four or use a slow-release product as instructed. 59. Check planting lists to determine what your family likes for summer planting. 60. Mail-order seed companies often offer special deals as they close out their spring season. 61. Obtain the seeds you need now for summer and fall planting; store in the refrigerator. 62. Many herbs can survive the summer if kept moist, but not wet, and lightly fertilized. 63. Continue cutting and using herbs to keep the plants productive; preserve extras. 64. When gardens will not receive summer plantings, consider soil solarization to bake out pests. 65. Sweet potatoes are easy to grow: start transplants from a spouting grocery store root. 66. Keep weeds in and near the garden under control to prevent pest problems for fall. 67. Continue to add fruit trees, shrubs and vines from containers to the landscape. 68. Learn the pests of your new fruits and decide if you need a control plan. 69. Reshape blueberry shrubs and hedges, and prune blackberries. 70. Feed bananas monthly; harvest stalks when the first hand formed begins to yellow. 71. Feed pineapples with a slow-release fertilizer, following label instructions. 72. Give citrus trees the best care possible to avoid the greening disease. Foliage and house plant care 73. Find a spot in the sunny garden for Easter lilies; plants gradually decline and regrow in winter. 74. Forced tulip, daffodils and similar cool climate flowers are best tossed, but keep the pots. 75. Give declining foliage plants a rest outdoors in the shade. Bargain Hunter Newsletter Weekly Free stuff and good deals for frugal Floridians. 76. Repot plants needing a new container. 77. Feed plants outdoors every two weeks and indoors monthly. 78. Use a slow-release fertilizer, as instructed, to stretch the time between feedings. 79. Wash away insects with soapy water. 80. Remove declining leaves, stems and blooms; pinch the tips of shoots to cause branching Tom MacCubbin is an urban horticulturist emeritus with the University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service. Write him: Orlando Sentinel, P.O. Box 2833, Orlando FL 32802. Email: [email protected] Blog with Tom at OrlandoSentinel.com/tomdigs.
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